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Biblical Calendar 2017


The main ‘Biblical’ calendars observed by the 7th Day Churches of God (within which there are some variations), and the dates for 2017, are shown below.


[1] WCG Hebrew Calendar

The major offshoots of the Worldwide Church of God continue to observe its version of the Jewish Hebrew Calendar :

All the annual moedim (appointed times) listed in Leviticus 23 are observed, but for one day each only, not two.

Passover is on the 14th Abib. (Some groups observe the Lord's Supper on the 14th, and Passover on the 15th.)

Pentecost is not 7 weeks from the 2nd day of Passover (Unleavened Bread), but 7 weeks from the Sunday within the festival.
Some groups observe Pentecost on Sivan 6 (May 31 in 2017), or Monday (June 5). Herbert Armstrong previously observed both - please see the Pentecost Study Material (beginning on p.61).


Rosh HaShanah, which means ‘beginning of the year’, is New Years Day in the Hebrew calendar, because Judaism teaches that it is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve. Exodus 12:2 and Deut.16:1 show that the Biblical year begins with the month of the Abib. In order to make the Hebrew Calendar agree with the Bible, the WCG taught that the Jews observe the 1st of Abib as the beginning of the religious year and the 1st of Tishri as the beginning of the civil year. WCG’s offshoot churches continue to teach this doctrine, despite knowing that it is not the practice of the Jews.


Rosh HaShanah is calculated from the Molad Emtzai. The time of the molad in 2017 is 11.28pm on Wednesday, 20th of September. None of the postponement rules applies, so the Hebrew calendar year 5778 (2017-2018) begins at sunset on this day.


The Church of God 7th Day (HQ in Denver) and Church of God 7th Day (Jerusalem) utilize the Hebrew Calendar to calculate Passover, but observe it on the evening of the 14th day of Abib (Nisan), not the 15th. (The Denver group does not regard the observance of annual holy days as mandatory, but allows congregations to observe them.)


The Church of God 7th Day (Salem) keeps Passover on the evening of the 14th, but observes Biblical Calendar [3] (see doctrinal point no.15 on this link).


[2] Day of the astronomical new moon (conjunction of sun/moon), nearest to the Vernal Equinox [4.57am, 28th March, Jerusalem time]. [7.30am, 20th Sept, Jerusalem time]


[3] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - nearest to the Vernal Equinox.


[4] Day of the astronomical new moon (conjunction of sun/moon), following the Vernal Equinox [4.57am, 28th March, Jerusalem time]. [7.30am, 20th Sept, Jerusalem time]


[5] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - following the Vernal Equinox.


[6] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - in the month that the wild barley in Israel will be ready for harvesting by the Sunday after Passover (Leviticus 23:10-12).


The times/dates for [2]-[6] are for Jerusalem.

The dates for [3] [5] [6] in the Americas will be a day earlier in April.

Please refer to HMNAO for astronomical data on other locations.

The dates for the 3 annual festivals (Exodus 23:14-16)
are printed in green, and the 7 annual holy days are in red.



[1][2][4][3] [5] [6]
Passover
(evening before)

Monday
April 10
Monday
April 10
Wednesday
April 12
Festival of
Unleavened Bread

April
11-17
April
11-17
April
13-19
First Day of
Unleavened Bread
Tuesday
April 11
Tuesday
April 11

Thursday
April 13
Seventh Day  of
Unleavened Bread
Monday
April 17
Monday
April 17
Wednesday
April 19
Firstfruits Festival
(Pentecost)
Sunday
June 4
Sunday
June 4

Sunday
June 4
Day of
Trumpets

Thursday
September 21
Wednesday
September 20

Friday
September 22
Day of
Atonement
Sabbath
September 30
Friday
September 29
Sunday
October 1
Festival of
Tabernacles
October
5-11
October
4-10
October
6-12
First Day of
Tabernacles

Thursday
October 5
Wednesday
October 4
Friday
October 6
Eighth Day
Thursday
October 12
Wednesday
October 11
Friday
October 13