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Biblical Calendar 2017


The main ‘Biblical’ calendars observed by the 7th Day Churches of God (within which there are some variations), and the dates for 2017, are shown below.


[1] Church of God Hebrew Calendar


This calendar is a modified version of the Jewish (Hebrew) Calendar, which the major offshoots of the Worldwide Church of God all continue to observe:.

All the annual moedim (appointed times) listed in Leviticus 23 are observed for only one day each, not two.

Passover is on the 14th, not the 15th.

Pentecost is not 7 weeks from the 2nd day of Passover (Unleavened Bread), but 7 weeks from the Sunday within the festival.


Rosh HaShanah, which means ‘beginning of the year’, is New Years Day in the Hebrew calendar, because Judaism teaches that it is the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve. Exodus 12:2 and Deut.16:1 show that the Biblical year begins with the month of the Abib, so WCG taught that the Jews observed the 1st of Abib as the beginning of the religious year and the 1st of Tishri as the beginning of the civil year. Many ministers continue to teach this, but it is purely a WCG concept, and it is not the practice of the Jews.


Rosh HaShanah is calculated from the Molad Emtzai. The time of the molad in 2017 is 11.28pm on Wednesday, 20th of September. None of the postponement rules applies, so the Hebrew calendar year 5778 (2017-2018) begins at sunset on this day.


The Church of God 7th Day (HQ in Denver) and Church of God 7th Day (Jerusalem) utilize the Hebrew Calendar to calculate Passover, but observe it on the evening of the 14th day of Abib (Nisan), not the 15th. (The Denver group does not regard the observance of annual holy days as mandatory, but allows congregations to observe them.)


The Church of God 7th Day (Salem) keeps Passover on the evening of the 14th, but observes Biblical Calendar [3] (see doctrinal point no.15 on this link).


[2] Day of the astronomical new moon (conjunction of sun/moon), nearest to the Vernal Equinox [4.57am, 28th March, Jerusalem time]. [7.30am, 20th Sept, Jerusalem time]

(A couple of groups say that the conjunction is the day of the disappearance of the old moon [usually one day earlier]).


[3] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - nearest the Vernal Equinox.


[4] Day of the astronomical new moon (conjunction of sun/moon), following the Vernal Equinox [4.57am, 28th March, Jerusalem time]. [7.30am, 20th Sept, Jerusalem time]


[5] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - following the Vernal Equinox.


[6] Evening of the appearance of the crescent new moon – visible in the brief period between sunset and moonset - in the month that the wild barley in Israel will be ready for harvesting by the Sunday after Passover (Leviticus 23:10-12).


The dates for [2]-[6] are based on Jerusalem.

Please refer to HMNAO for astronomical data on other locations.

The dates for the 3 annual festivals (Exodus 23:14-16)
are printed in green, and the 7 annual holy days are in red.



[2] [4][1]
[3] [5] [6]
Passover
(evening before)

Monday
April 10
Monday
April 10
Wednesday
April 12
Festival of
Unleavened Bread

April
11-17
April
11-17
April
13-19
First Day of
Unleavened Bread
Tuesday
April 11
Tuesday
April 11

Thursday
April 13
Seventh Day  of
Unleavened Bread
Monday
April 17
Monday
April 17
Wednesday
April 19
Firstfruits Festival
(Pentecost)
Sunday
June 4
Sunday
June 4

Sunday
June 4
Day of
Trumpets

Wednesday
September 20
Thursday
September 21

Friday
September 22
Day of
Atonement
Friday
September 29
Sabbath
September 30
Sunday
October 1
Festival of
Tabernacles
October
4-10
October
5-11
October
6-12
First Day of
Tabernacles

Wednesday
October 4
Thursday
October 5
Friday
October 6
Eighth Day
Wednesday
October 11
Thursday
October 12
Friday
October 13